Solar energy expansion is important for climate mitigation, but it can have consequences for biodiversity. Solar farms require huge areas of land which, during development, can undergo significant habitat destruction, degradation, fragmentation, and biodiversity loss.
Studies suggest that if solar farms are managed strategically, particularly on land that was previously managed intensively for agriculture, they can have positive impacts on local biodiversity. Furthermore, research has shown that managing vegetation on solar farms less intensively does not hinder the efficiency of energy production and can even increase local biodiversity.
Through working with experts, we have developed a guide that identifies ten evidence-based actions to help pollinators and biodiversity on solar farms. We thank the Irish Solar Energy Association, who have endorsed the document.